Jack Knox Artist Reference Files
(Document/manuscript/pamphlet/archival material)

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Special Collections - Closed Stacks
Workroom range 3 section 1
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Status
Special Collections - Closed Stacks
Workroom range 3 section 1
Library Use Only
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Subjects
LC Subjects
American wit and humor.
Animals -- Pictorial works.
Briley, Beverly, -- 1914-1980 -- Pictorial works.
Caricatures and cartoons -- Tennessee -- Nashville.
Caricatures and cartoons -- United States.
Cartoonists -- Tennessee -- Nashville.
Cartoonists -- United States.
Clement, Frank Goad -- Pictorial works.
Cowboys -- West (U.S.) -- Pictorial works.
Cowboys.
Editorial cartoonists -- Tennessee -- Nashville.
Editorial cartoonists -- United States.
Heads of state -- 20th century -- Caricatures and cartoons.
Johnson, Lyndon B. (Lyndon Baines), -- 1908-1973.
Knox, Jack, -- 1910-1985.
Landscapes -- Pictorial works.
Lyndon Baines Johnson Library.
Mass media -- Political aspects -- United States.
Nashville (Tenn.) -- History -- Sources.
Nashville (Tenn.) -- Social life and customs.
Nashville Banner.
Nature -- Pictorial works.
Nixon, Richard M. (Richard Milhous), -- 1913-1994.
Political cartoons -- United States -- 20th century.
Political satire, American -- 20th century.
Politicians -- Caricatures and cartoons.
Politicians -- Tennessee -- 20th century -- Pictorial works.
Politicians -- United States -- 20th century -- Pictorial works.
Popular culture.
Ranch life -- United States.
Rodeos -- United States.
Soviet Union -- Politics and government -- 20th century.
Tennessee -- History -- Caricatures and cartoons.
United States -- Politics and government -- 1963-1969 -- Sources.
United States -- Politics and government -- 20th century -- Caricatures and cartoons.
United States -- Politics and government -- 20th century -- Pictorial works.
United States -- Social life and customs.
West (U.S.) -- Social life and customs -- Pictorial works.
World politics -- 20th century -- Caricatures and cartoons.
More Details
Format
Document/manuscript/pamphlet/archival material
Physical Desc
2 cu. ft. (4 boxes)
Language
English

Notes

Organization & arrangement of materials
Organized into a single series;,Arranged alphabetically
General Note
Materials housed in Special Collections Division of the Main Library, Nashville Public Library.
General Note
Several of the photographic prints are damaged and have crease folds, others are cropped photographs.
Restrictions on Access
In library use only. Available by appointment.
Description
Scope and content: The collection, spanning ca. 1932-ca. 1990 (bulk ca. 1952-ca. 1972), consists of topical subject files and photographs collected by Jack Knox, the editorial cartoonist of the Nashville Banner from the mid-1940s to the early 1970s. Present in the collection are several editorial cartoons and caricatures of national and international politicians and statesmen, as well as original sketches that were probably drawn by Jack Knox. Several published magazine illustrations and articles are included in the reference subject files, covering popular culture themes such as cowboys, wild and domesticated animals, nature scenes, and 20th-century political figures. Includes more than 400 black and white photographs of primarily U.S. politicians, with several depicting ranch scenes, rodeos, and cowboys. The collection includes documentary sources about the dedication of the Lyndon Baines Johnson Library and School of Public Affairs on May 22, 1971, related to the Nashville Banner assignment when Jack Knox, editorial cartoonist, and Johnny Morgan, chief color photographer, were sent to Texas for the event.
Preferred Citation of Described Materials
Cite as: Jack Knox Artist Reference Files, Special Collections Division, Nashville Public Library
Immediate Source of Acquisition
Steven Pipes;,Gift;,2006.,Acc. 2006.021.
Location of Other Archival Materials
Related materials: The Special Collections Division of the Nashville Public Library also houses the Jack Knox Political Cartoon Collection, accession #2004.053.
Location of Other Archival Materials
Associated materials: The Ohio State University Cartoon, Graphic, and Photographic Arts Research Library holds "The Jack Knox Collection."
Biographical or Historical Data
Artist and political cartoonist John "Jack" Gill Knox, Jr. (1910-1985) was born to John Gill and Sarah Sperry Knox. A native of Nashville, Tennessee, Jack Knox achieved a distinguished career with "The Nashville Banner" (1946-1972) and became famous as an artist and political cartoonist of national recognition. His cartoons were syndicated and widely reprinted across the United States. During his more than forty-year career as a newspaper editorial cartoonist, he was honored with several prestigious awards and attracted attention from the Roosevelt, Truman, Eisenhower, Johnson, Kennedy, and Nixon administrations, all of them requesting his original drawings. Knox was widely known for his conservative political satire and caricatures, in addition to his original art and writings about Middle Tennessee rural life and life on the grand rivers. Knox was raised in Texas, where his father explored oil resources as an independent oil operator. Circa 1924, the Knox family moved back to Nashville and Jack Knox, as a teenager, attended the Peabody Demonstration School for a couple of years, then enrollment at the Gulfport Military Academy in Gulfport, Mississippi, followed by graduation at Castle Heights Military Academy in Lebanon, Tennessee. In 1932, Knox received his first cartoonist job when he was the illustrator of "Everybody's Political Primer," a cartoon booklet of pro-Roosevelt campaign literature that was created for the Democratic National Committee during the presidential campaign, helping to place Franklin Delano Roosevelt in the White House. Prior to joining the Banner in 1946, a conservative newspaper owned by the James G. Stahlman family of Nashville, Knox was a cartoonist for "The Tennessean," ca. 1933-34, followed by eleven years as cartoonist for the Memphis "Commercial Appeal" from 1934-1945. Knox briefly left the newspaper field to work on a ranch in Texas for about a year, where he developed a love for horses. Circa 1930, Knox married Edith Towler, whom he fondly nicknamed "sweet Miss Speedy." The couple raised four children: John, Phoebe, Joseph, and Britt. Knox never went to art school and was self-taught with the help of a correspondence course that his wife had encouraged him to take. Knox's cartoons were conservative, attacking what he called the "give-away society." A favorite target of satire for the editorial cartoonist was Tennessee Senator Estes Kefauver. Not all cartoons were political--Knox also sketched cartoons supporting the National Safety Council, Alcoholics Anonymous, and the Clinic Bowl charity game. Knox authored and illustrated original book monographs: "Riverman," (1971); "Childhood the Second," (1972), a book that won the Distinguished Recognition Award from the Friends of American Writers; and "America's Tennessee Walking Horse," published in 1973.
Biographical or Historical Data
Jack Knox was recognized in successive editions of "Who's Who in America" and was a member of the Association of American Editorial Cartoonists. Joseph Knox, the son of the cartoonist, donated the collection to the Nashville Public Library in August, 2004. The Nashville Public Library Foundation and the family of Jack Knox dedicated the Jack Knox Writer's Room on March 31, 2005 in the Special Collections Division.Selections from the Jack Knox Collection and collection of Joseph "Joe" Knox titled "Caricature & the Comic Genius," were exhibited at the Nashville Public Library during Oct. 21, 2005 through Jan. 15, 2006.
Language
In English
Cumulative Index/Finding Aids
Finding aid available in repository; ,folder level control.
Ownership and Custodial History
Mrs. Jack Knox gifted the collection to Steven Pipes in the mid-1980s, who held custodial stewardship of the collection prior to donation to the library. The collection was originally created by Jack Knox during the course of his career as an editorial cartoonist and author.
Action
Process,2007;,Leanne Garland.
Accumulation and Frequency of Use
No further accruals are expected.
Citations
APA Citation (style guide)

Knox, J. Jack Knox Artist Reference Files.

Chicago / Turabian - Author Date Citation (style guide)

Knox, Jack, 1910-1985. Jack Knox Artist Reference Files. .

Chicago / Turabian - Humanities Citation (style guide)

Knox, Jack, 1910-1985, Jack Knox Artist Reference Files. .

MLA Citation (style guide)

Knox, Jack. Jack Knox Artist Reference Files.

Note! Citation formats are based on standards as of July 2010. Citations contain only title, author, edition, publisher, and year published. Citations should be used as a guideline and should be double checked for accuracy.
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